De Barao is a reliable Brazilian late tomato variety

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

The bright red lanterns of De Barao tomatoes herald the arrival of autumn. Leaves turn red on trees, tomatoes ripen on tall bushes. I want the warm weather to last as long as possible - not all the fruits are ripe yet. However, what a misfortune, these tomatoes with a secret, can then reach. De Barao is a strange name and delicious tomatoes.

The history of growing de Barao tomatoes

De Barao tomatoes came to Russia from Brazil at the end of the twentieth century and immediately found fans. In a short time, the De Barao varieties were registered in the State Register: gold, orange, pink, black. They differ not only in color: the nuances of taste, the structure of the pulp and the content of carotene give room for imagination to summer residents, because these varieties of tomato retain De Barao's main advantage - unpretentiousness.

Description of the variety

De Barao tomatoes are recommended for cultivation in summer cottages, personal subsidiary farms and farms. Bushes are planted in open ground, but when cultivated under film shelters or in greenhouses, yields are higher. Bushes need to be tied to a support, since De Barao tomatoes are indeterminate plants.

Tomatoes of indeterminate varieties do not stop growing, and they are capable of blooming and bearing fruit until cold weather. Determine (lat.) - to define.

The height of plants is on average two meters, under favorable conditions it reaches three. The leaf is large. The first inflorescences, like all indeterminate tomato varieties, appear above 9–11 leaves. Subsequently, flowers are laid every three leaves. An interesting feature of the peduncle is the presence of articulation.

Tall bushes of De Barao give a harmonious harvest of small egg-shaped fruits

Fruits are ovoid, green when immature, darker in color at the stem. Ripe De Barao tomatoes are red. The peel of the fruit is quite dense, due to which the tomatoes are well transported and stored. The pulp is red, dense, contains two seed chambers. The taste is great. De Barao's late fruits absorb the fullness of aromas and the heat of summer. The sugar content is slightly less than three percent. Average weight - 30 g. It is recommended to use fresh tomatoes, puree, pickling and pickling. Due to their small size, the fruits are used for canning in their own juice.

Characteristics of the variety

The variety is late ripening. Bushes need pinching. With proper care and proper formation of the bush, five to six kilograms of tomatoes are harvested from one square meter. De Barao tomatoes grow well with a lack of light and are undemanding to the composition of the soil, therefore they are grown throughout Russia. Another feature of the variety is a certain resistance to late blight and other diseases of tomatoes.

Video: how De Barao's harvest ripens

Growing varieties of tomatoes De Barao

To obtain a rich harvest, all the nuances of cultivation are important from the moment of receiving seedlings to the timing of planting in the ground, the formation of a bush and determining the irrigation regime.

Getting seedlings

Depending on where the tomatoes will grow, they choose the time for sowing. Usually, seeds are sown for greenhouses in late February or early March; for open ground, seedlings are sown at the end of March. It takes 1.5–2 months to get healthy, robust seedlings. Important conditions for this:

  • sufficient illumination;
  • balanced soil and air temperature;
  • providing mineral supplements;
  • watering.

Without good lighting, the seedlings stretch out, with a lack of heat, the seedlings die. At a daytime temperature of 23-25 aboutFrom and night 19-21 aboutSeedlings grow best of all. Without top dressing, strong sprouts with stable immunity do not form, the plants get sick, therefore, the soil for seedlings is chosen nutritious, balanced in mineral composition. There is nothing to say about watering, once you forget to water, the results will appear before your eyes. Growing seedlings consists of several stages:

  1. Soil preparation. It is easier to buy ready-made soil mixtures with peat and fertilizers, but some gardeners like to prepare the soil themselves. To do this, thoroughly mix the earth, humus and peat in a ratio of 1: 2: 3. Before sowing, the peat mixture is spilled with Fitosporin solution.
  2. Disinfection of seeds. Most often, seeds are disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then they need to be rinsed with clean water and dried.

    The seeds are kept in a solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes

  3. Soak. A good effect is obtained by soaking seeds for 5-6 hours in Epin's solution, which increases germination and improves the adaptive properties of plants.
  4. Sowing and picking. Depending on the conditions, either they sow seeds in a common container, and then, with the appearance of two true leaves, they dive, or they immediately plant two or three seeds in seedling cups and transfer them to a warm place with an air temperature of 22-25 aboutFrom until the first seedlings appear.

    Cover the seedling cups with foil or glass to reduce moisture evaporation.

  5. Hardening of seedlings. After the emergence of seedlings, the container with seedlings is transferred to a lighted place, the film or glass is removed and the temperature in the room is gradually reduced. About two weeks before planting in the main place, the plants begin to harden. Leave the windows on the loggia open during the day, first for an hour, then for one and a half to two hours, gradually increasing the time the seedlings stay in the fresh air.

Planting seedlings in a greenhouse

For planting in closed ground, the first half of May is suitable, when it is already warm enough during the day, and the seedlings will be protected from night temperature drops. Actions when planting seedlings in a greenhouse:

  1. Soil preparation. To disinfect the soil, before planting seedlings, it is recommended to treat it with a 3-5% solution of copper sulfate. Sometimes gardeners completely remove the top layer of soil in the greenhouse to a depth of 10 cm, replacing it with a new soil mixture enriched with ash, urea and superphosphate. For 10 liters of earth with humus, 500 ml of ash and one tablespoon of urea and superphosphate are added. Another way to improve the soil in the greenhouse is to sow green manures immediately after harvesting in the fall, and when they germinate by 10 cm, dug all the green mass into the soil.
  2. Planting seedlings in the ground. Before planting, the pots with tomato seedlings are watered. Seedlings are planted in a greenhouse at a distance of 50 cm from each other in a row or staggered. First, they dig holes 25-30 cm deep. Water each hole abundantly, plant seedlings deeper to stimulate the formation of new roots. If peat cups were used, then planting in the ground will become even easier: pinch the weak seedling, and the remaining powerful seedlings are planted in a peat glass.

    If the height of tomato seedlings is up to 40 cm, they are planted in the holes directly, but if the seedlings have outgrown, then it is better to plant them obliquely, at an angle of about 40-45⁰

  3. Garter stalks. Before planting, supports are installed, given that De Barao tomatoes grow above three meters. The stems are tied to a support, then stepchildren are regularly removed, leaving two main stems.

    The stems of De Barao tomatoes are tied to a high support

There are also special ways of growing seedlings.

Video: tomatoes in a greenhouse without watering

Planting seedlings in open ground

De Barao tomatoes are planted in open ground two to three weeks later: in late May or early June, when the threat of return frosts passes. Reinforcing bars are often used as support. They are durable, last long and do not take up much space after harvesting. Immediately after planting, the sprouts are tied to a support. Plant spacing and planting depth are similar to greenhouse planting.

Seedlings are planted on a sunny, windless day. If the nights are cool, the seedlings are covered under arches. Only in this case, first, the tomatoes are tied to the planting pegs so that they do not interfere with covering the plants, and then, as constant warm weather sets in, the arcs are removed and the main supports are fixed. The formation of bushes is the same: stepchildren are removed, leaving two shoots.

Watering and care

Tomatoes should be watered with warm water once a week, 5–7 liters per bush. It is advisable that the water does not fall on the leaves. Many gardeners have already mastered drip irrigation. This saves water, moreover, as it enters the plant, it warms up well. Favorably affect the bushes feeding with infusion of nettle or any other weeds. From the end of August, watering plants in open ground is stopped, all remaining flowers and small ovaries are removed so that the remaining fruits have time to ripen. De Barao does not leave the owners without a crop: if you pick tomatoes green or brown, they will still turn red at home.

Fragrant herbs or flowers are planted together with the planting of tomatoes. They decorate the beds, at the same time scaring away pests with a pungent smell.

Tomato variety De Barao is not very sensitive to late blight. The experience of gardeners shows that even if the leaves are affected by late blight, the fruits can ripen without damage. For the prevention of late blight, Fitosporin or Alirin B solutions are used.

Experienced gardeners love to shake tomato bushes. At the same time, fruit setting is improved, dew or condensation is shaken off from the leaves in greenhouses, and therefore the risk of late blight is less.

Reviews and advice of gardeners

Tomatoes were called the apple of the Moors, the golden apple or the apple of love. They have been growing in Europe since the discovery of America, delighting in shape, aroma, fruit color and delicious taste.

Tomato "De Barao giant": variety description, photos and reviews

In this article we will tell you about the De Barao giant tomato variety, the characteristics of which do not always coincide with the promises of manufacturers.

Varieties and hybrids belonging to the De Barao group of tomatoes are extremely demanded by Russian summer residents. Despite the rather late ripening of fruits, these plants have such a set of positive qualities that most vegetable growers are happy to grow them on their plots. Not surprisingly, seed sellers are very interested in the De Barao line. This is both good and bad. On the one hand, the list of related varieties officially registered in the State Register is regularly updated to the delight of gardeners. On the other hand, the seeds of the next "novelties" appear on the market every year, the declared properties of which look extremely attractive, but the real quality has not been confirmed by anything.

Tomatoes of this variety have an elongated plum-like shape (sometimes, with a sharp "nose")

We give the distinctive features of the variety in the following table:

Parameter Characteristic
Culture Tomato
Ripening terms Medium or mid-late
The period from germination to fruiting 120-128 days
Duration of fruiting Stretched
Marketable yield Up to 5-6 kg per plant
Number of fruits per cluster 4-6
Fruit weight Average 70-190 g
The form Plum-shaped, sometimes with a sharp "nose"
Coloring of ripe fruits Bright red, with orange-yellow spots in the area of ​​the peduncle
Skin Durable
Pulp Dense, juicy, fleshy, with few seeds
Taste qualities Good
Transportability and keeping quality High
Appointment Salad, canning
Plant type Indeterminate, tall (up to 200 cm)
Leaves Large, powerful
Activity of the formation of side shoots High
Growing features Bushes need a tie of shoots and active pinching during the entire growing season
Disease resistance The variety is slightly affected by fungal and bacterial diseases of the culture (according to advertising descriptions)
Recommended growing regions In open or protected ground (depending on the climatic conditions of the region)
Registration in the Federal State Budgetary Institution "State Sort Commission" Turned off

Medium late (the period from germination to ripening 117-125 days), indeterminate, tall, carpal tomato variety. In the middle lane, it is recommended to grow it in a greenhouse.

The bush is medium-leafy, higher than 2 meters, with long internodes. The leaf is ordinary, medium-sized, dark green. The inflorescence is simple, the structure is compact. The first inflorescence is laid above 9-11 leaves, the subsequent ones - every 3 leaves.

The manufacturer recommends forming the plant into 1 stem, removing all lateral shoots (stepchildren).

Fruit characteristics

Fruits are plum-shaped, smooth, at the stage of ripeness, rich pink color, weighing 50-70 grams, excellent tomato flavor. Not prone to cracking. These tomatoes are versatile in purpose - good for both whole-fruit canning and fresh consumption.

The variety is resistant to the main diseases of tomato. In 1998 he was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in the Russian Federation for garden plots, household and small farms.

The value and disadvantages of the variety

De Barao varieties are known to many, the variety is willingly grown in the south, in the middle lane, beyond the Urals. The indeterminate tomato has the following benefits:

  • unpretentiousness (a rare property in tall tomatoes)
  • excellent taste
  • resistance to pests and diseases (especially to late blight)
  • high yield (from 1 square meter are removed from 8 to 12 kg of fruits)
  • versatility of fruit use
  • resistance to temperature extremes, shading
  • can be cultivated both in the open field and in the greenhouse.

The excellent productivity of the variety allows you to plant 2-3 bushes in the greenhouse and take off a high yield at the end of the season. The main thing is to take into account all the features of agricultural technology for tall tomatoes and provide full care.

  • late ripening, which is why it is recommended to grow a tomato in a greenhouse
  • the need to form a bush and pinch.

Now you know all the advantages and disadvantages of the tomato variety, and it seems that the list of "pluses" will still outweigh the "minuses".

Growing features

Agrotechnology of De Barao tomatoes differs slightly from the cultivation of other varieties. For seedlings, tomato seeds are sown in early spring. As soon as several leaves appear on the bushes, the seedlings should be dived.

Usually, seedlings are planted in the first half of May. It is then that the earth warms up enough, and the risk of night frosts decreases. Seedlings should be planted in open ground. Disembarkation is best done on a cloudy day. In extreme cases, you can do this in the late afternoon.

Since this variety is very high, the distance between the bushes should be at least 90 cm, and the row spacing should be left wide, within 120 cm.

Seedlings strengthen within two weeks, only after that they begin to grow rapidly. It is at this time that tomatoes should be fed with special fertilizers, to which superphosphates are added.

De Barao pink tomatoes branch very strongly, so they must be cut off, leaving only the 2 most powerful stems.

The root system of these tomatoes is well developed, actively growing and requires abundant watering. This fact must be foreseen in advance, since several buckets of water are used for one bush.

Sometimes the lower leaves of De Barao pink also require processing. This is necessary in order to improve their ventilation. You also need to pluck yellow or spoiled leaves.

Comparison with other varieties and hybrids for pickling and pickling

Not all tomatoes are suitable for canning. If harvesting for the winter is planned, it is recommended to carefully consider the selection of seeds. Primary requirements:

  • light weight
  • firm flesh and skin
  • amicable maturation
  • a small number of seeds, while it is desirable that they are small.

In terms of its parameters, a "newbie" tomato is an ideal choice for canning, but not the only one. The comparative table contains descriptions and main characteristics of tomatoes, intended, like the "beginner", mainly for conservation.

Name Category, type Height (cm) Ripening terms Fruit characteristics
Sanka Variety, determinant 60-70 Early ripe Rounded, very dense, weighing 80-100 g. Color - red
Caspar F1 Hybrid, determinant 80-100 Early ripe (90-95 days) Pepper-shaped, with a "spout", dense. Great taste. The color is bright red. Weight - 110-140 g
Fun Variety, determinant 60-70 Early ripe In the form of an ellipse (length up to 14 cm), with a bifurcation at the top. Color - bright red, weight - 110-150 g
Rio grande 55-65 Mid-season Oval, plum-shaped, weighing 100-110 g, color - pinkish-red
Scarlet candles Variety, indet 180 Mid-season Elongated, with a "nose", dense. Glossy skin, weight - 90-100 g
Yesenia F1 Hybrid, determinant 60-70 Ultra early Rounded, dense, dark red. Weigh 120-140 g
Baskak Variety, determinant 80-100 Mid-early Ovate, slightly ribbed. The color is red. Weight - 60-90 g
Zlatozar F1 Hybrid, determinant 50-60 Ultra early (80-85 days) Rounded, orange in color, weighing 80-100 g
Ramsay F1 Hybrid, indet Early ripe Rounded, bright red. Weight - 120-140 g
Lady fingers Variety, determinant 60-70 Early ripe Cylindrical, two-chambered, weighing 50-70 g. Color - deep red
Cadet 40-50 Early Elongated, with glossy skin, red. Weight - 50-60 g
De barao (red) Hybrid F1, indet 200-250 Mid late Plum-shaped, dense, bright red. Weight - 80-90 g

Watch the video: Ντομάτα - φροντίδα από την αρχή!

Previous Article

Outdoor landscape and supply

Next Article

Dragon fruit tree for sale florida